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The Constitution

Ustava Under the Constitution, Slovenia is a democratic republic and a social state governed by law. The state's authority is based on the principle of the separation of legislative, executive and judicial powers, with a parliamentary system of government. Power is held by the people and they exercise this power directly (through referendums and popular initiatives) and through elections. The highest legislative authority is the National Assembly (90 deputies), which has the right to enact laws.


According to the constitution, “Slovenia is a state of all its citizens and is founded on the permanent and inalienable right of the Slovenian nation to self-determination“. It lays the foundations for the legal system, which is based on respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, on the principle of a legal and socially just state, on a parliamentary form of state authority, and on the separation of legislative, executive and judicial powers.  The Constitution also contains special rights for the Hungarian, Italian and Roma ethnic communities. The Constitution, as the state’s supreme law, can be amended following a proposal made by twenty National Assembly deputies, by the Government, or by at least 30,000 voters. Such proposals are decided by the National Assembly with a two-thirds majority vote of deputies, and a two-thirds majority vote is needed for the passage of amendments to the Constitution. The National Assembly is required to submit a proposed constitutional amendment to a referendum, if so required by at least 30 deputies.

The Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia



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Date: 28.12.2007